Formalization measures are implemented by governments to curb unsustainable exploitation of lumber, fisheries, minerals, and other natural resources. The idea is that social and environmental norms will develop through political and legal regulatory systems that incentivize responsible harvesting and trade. This in turn will reduce poverty, pollution, human rights abuses, and conflict, while simultaneously bolstering economic development. These noble intentions, however, are not always the end result—when carried out negligently, formalization can lead to corruption, exclusion of marginalized people, economic loss, and environmental damage.
The results of formalization are determined by a wide assortment of influences, from socio-political conditions of immediate concern to the larger historical contexts of the areas in which it’s carried out. While often enforced by powerful governing bodies, formalization can also come out of grass-roots organizing, when individuals realize a need to regulate available natural resources to better their communities on a smaller scale.
For supplemental information, please visit: http://www1.cifor.org/pro-formal/home.html.
View a video of the Guest Editor discussing the issue at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Dy_gqm6q2k
Read more about the issue on CIFOR’s Forests News Blog:
Volume 28, Issue 5, 2015
View online at: www.tandfonline.com/USNR
For supplemental information, see http://www1.cifor.org/pro-formal/home.html
2013 Impact Factor of 1.065 and Five-Year Impact Factor of 1.477*
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