Old Pompeii, one of Italy’s major tourist attractions with 25,000 visitors a day, was literally “falling apart” after 2011’s record rainfall, according to one report. The Italian government, through the University of Naples and the City of Pompeii, allocated 120 million Euros to the preservation of the old city.
Pompeii, located near present-day Naples, was partially destroyed and buried under 10 to 20 feet of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius on Aug. 24, AD 79. The city was lost for nearly 1,700 years before it was rediscovered in 1748.
Also involved in the project is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which designated Pompeii as a World Heritage Site. Topcon’s Italian distributor – GEOTOP Topcon – and its president and CEO, Ivan Di Federico, will work directly with the government officials and the four universities (a consortium known as Benecon).
Before restoration on the city could begin, site mapping and precise information about ground and building movements had to be done. That’s where TPS came into play.
Topcon won the bid to provide precise survey, mapping and GIS equipment and software for the project. O’Connor’s personal involvement in the project was rewarded by the announcement that he would receive the “key” to the City of Pompeii, as well as receive an honorary master’s degree in architecture from the University of Naples.
O’Connor said, “It is a very high honor, indeed, to be recognized by the mayor of Pompeii and the prestigious University of Naples. However, it is a much higher honor to be part of an incredible cooperative undertaking like working together to preserve one of the world’s most important and impressive historical sites.
“It is rewarding to know that today’s technology is being used to preserve the past so future generations can observe and learn about one of the world’s most important and impressive events.”
Di Federico said, “The archeological site will become a ‘laboratory of innovation.’” He said the first project objective would be “the creation of a 3D mapping system. Survey teams will recreate the site in a virtual form with great precision by overlaying images and laser scans to precisely measure the distance between each point, thus creating the old city in 3D imagery.”
This reality technology, he said, “will allow for visitors to see themselves in the original environment, as if they were Roman citizens of Pompeii before the devastating volcano explosion.”
Additionally, Benecon will “have a cultural database, which combines background information – historical, natural and chemical – to add to the wealth of information that presently exists about the city and its history.”
As the first archeological site in the world to use technology in this fashion, Di Federico said, “This project will be a top priority for Topcon and will include collaboration with Topcon technology groups in Livermore, California, Europe and Japan.”
Topcon’s three-year contract is with Benecon Consortium Society, a combination of four universities – Second University of Naples, University Federico II, University of Salerno and the University of Sannio.
Topcon equipment being used on the site includes the IP-S2 mobile mapping system, IS imaging station, NET-G3A reference station receivers, GR-5 receivers, Tesla controller for field applications, GLS-1500 laser scanners, antennas and software. The contract also allows for technical assistance and professional expertise provided by the company.
Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc. (TPS) designs and manufactures precise positioning products and solutions for the global surveying, construction, agriculture, civil engineering, mapping and GIS, asset management and mobile control markets. TPS’ parent company, Topcon Corporation (Tokyo Stock Exchange – 7732), was founded in 1932.